Guard passing in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a vital skill. If you are struggling to pass the guard in this or any form of grappling, that's an area you need to work on (a clever way to say we all need to work on guard passing!)
From a conceptual point of view, passing the (closed) guard can be broken down into these major areas:
1. Base and Posture
2. Open the guard safely
3. Control the legs
4. Control the hips
5. Lock the upper body*
6. Pass over or under the leg
As you can see, the above are not specific techniques, but rather stages of the fight (and believe me it is a fight) to pass the guard. Within each, there are postures (ways to place your arms, legs, hips and even head) that afford us a number of pressures (both by you and by your opponent) which in turn present a whole range of possibilities of how to move on to the next stage of guard passing (e.g. from opening the guard to controlling the legs)
Every technique to pass the guard whether in BJJ or grappling is simply specific PPP within the above list of stages. I invite you to look at the passes you know (or even new ones that you learn) thru the lens of 3P:
1. Break it down into the different stages listed above
2. Within each stage, identify the posture, the pressures and the possibility**
Here is a nice example posted by YouTube BJJ sensation Mr Ken Primola, Division 1 wrestler and Gracie Jiu Jitsu black belt under Relson Gracie thru Phil and Ricardo Migliarese.
I encourage you to visit Ken's YouTube channel and subscribing to his videos.
*Locking the upper body can sometimes come after passing over or under the leg (such as during a toreador or bullfighter pass.
**I say "possibility" but to be honest, nothing stops you from extrapolating and coming up with your own "possibilities" once you've understood and practiced the postures and pressures that lead to them.
Liam "The Part Time Grappler" Wandi
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